Spotlight Friday: Telephones

I wasn’t really aware of phones until the early 80’s. Growing up in Papua New Guinea, there where no phones. Communication happened through 2 way radio. I remember my Dad in his office, saying things like  “Hotel- Zulu- Foxtrot- Whiskey” and then a lot of statics so you could only hear half of what the other side was trying to say, at the end of their radio call it was “over and out”.

When I moved back, my Grandparents had a phone in their house, it was gray and   looked something like this telefon70er I don’t remember using it much. Usually my friends and I had made plans for our afternoon in School and we just met when we where done with our homework.

When my parents came back from PNG we had a phone that had  push buttons. I still had to ask every time if I could make a call. Every call you had to pay for so you always had to keep it short. modulo2dev_produkte_00003367_1_x220

frph( this picture was taken at a Guest house where I was trying to get a class reunion together)

Plus our phone was connected to my Dads office,so when he was on the line, none of us could make a phone call. So very often I ended up walking down the street to the phone booth to call my friends from there. With a pocket full of “Zehnerle” (10 cents). It looked something like this. But only one of them was at the corner of our street.

telefonzellen

I never wanted to stay in there long because there was always this distinct smell in those phone booths, plus it could get pretty cold in there during the Winter time.  In my Adult life I did spend quite some time in  phone booths. I had moved away from my home town and didn’t have a phone in the place I stayed at.

The concept of the telephone dates back to the acoustic (non-electrical) string telephone or “lover’s telephone” that has been known for centuries, comprising two diaphragms connected by a taut string or wire. Sound waves are carried as mechanical vibrations along the string or wire from one diaphragm to the other. The classic example is the tin can telephone, a children’s toy made by connecting the two ends of a string to the bottoms of two metal cans, paper cups or similar items. The essential idea of this toy was that a diaphragm can collect voice sounds from the air, as in the ear, and a string or wire can transmit such collected voice sounds for reproduction at a distance. One precursor to the development of the electromagnetic telephone originated in 1833 when Carl Friedrich Gauß and Wilhelm Eduard Weber invented an electromagnetic device for the transmission of telegraphic signals in Göttingen, Germany, helping to create the fundamental basis for the technology that was later used in similar telecommunication devices. Gauß and Weber’s invention is purported to be the world’s first electromagnetic telegraph.

In 1840, American Charles Grafton Page passed an electric current through a coil of wire placed between the poles of a horseshoe magnet. He observed that connecting and disconnecting of the current caused a ringing sound in the magnet. He called this effect “galvanic music”.

Innocenzo Manzetti considered the idea of a telephone as early as 1844, and may have made one in 1864, as an enhancement to an automaton built by him in 1849

Charles Bourseul was a French telegraph engineer who proposed (but did not build) the first design of a make-and-break telephone in 1854. That is about the same time that Meucci later claimed to have created his first attempt at the telephone in Italy.

In 1860 Johann Philipp Reis was the first to produce a functioning electromagnetic device that could transmit musical notes, indistinct speech, and occasionally distinct speech by means of electric signals. Reis also introduced the term “telephon” for his device. The first sentence spoken on it was “Das Pferd frisst keinen Gurkensalat” (the horse doesn’t eat cucumber salad). In the Reis transmitter, a diaphragm was attached to a needle that pressed against a metal contact.

Alexander Graham Bell is commonly credited as the inventor of the first practical telephone. The classic story of him saying “Watson, come here! I want to see you!” is a well-known part of the history of the telephone. This showed that the telephone worked, but it was a short-range phone. Bell was the first to obtain a patent, in 1876, for an “apparatus for transmitting vocal or other sounds telegraphically”, after experimenting with many primitive sound transmitters and receivers.

The invention of the “telephone” is the culmination of work done by many individuals, the history of which involves a collection of claims and counterclaims. The development of the modern electrical telephone involved an array of lawsuits founded upon the patent claims of several individuals and numerous companies.  (source:wikipedia)

 

The first mobile phone call was made 43 years , on April 3, 1973, by Motorola employee Martin Cooper. Using a prototype of what would become theMotorola DynaTAC 8000x, the world’s first commercial cell phone, Cooper stood near a 900 MHz base station , in New York City and placed a call to the headquarters of Bell Labs in New Jersey.

It would take another decade to reach consumers and two more decades for cell phones to overtake land lines in worldwide usage. (http://www.theatlantic.com)

notable_phone_sizes_004-thumb-570x438-117805I still mostly use our landline phone. I do own a cell phone, but it usually lives in my bag. I use it for when I leave the house so I can be contacted in an emergency or if I have one. I don’t do much else but calling and maybe a picture here and there.  Oh and also a text here and there. But you will not find me walking down the road with my head stuck on my screen to see what is going on in the virtual world. My kids on the other hand, totally different story. They can’t go without these things.  That is their generation.  Well, now they are called Smartphones because they are so much more than just a phone. 

 

So here are some items you can find on Zibbet, just click on an item you like and you will get directed to the individual shop.


Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Vintage Oak Box Wall Phone 1900
by HooksNYarn

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Vintage Shukran Card – Phone Caller
by acraftyarab

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Crazy horse Leather iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus Wallet, Leather iPhone 6 Case by MihaiLeather

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
iPhone 6/6s Colored guitar Wood Engraved case by caseyard

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Mint Chocolate Chip Ice Cream Cone Waffle Cone, Phone Charm, Cute And Kawaii 😀
by aLilBitOfCute

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
iPhone Case (4 and 4s) – British Vintage Telephone Box
by SublimeImages

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Vintage Soviet Union USSR Ship Disc Cabin Phone TAK-64 – rotary telephone
by ForCollecting

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Crochet Bag Phone Holder Pouch Door or Car – Blue
by Bj’s Knits

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
iPhone Wallet – Smart phone case Handmade – Cameras – Phone holder wallet
by marillis

 

And also I found a lot of fun Telephone items on Etsy: (this link will take you to the treasury)

telephones

 

What ever way you make your phone calls, it is a nice tool to stay in contact with your friends and family.

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Spotlight Friday: Money makes the world go round

Lately the radio is playing this song over and over.

I wish I found some better sounds no one’s ever heard,
I wish I had a better voice that sang some better words,
I wish I found some chords in an order that is new,
I wish I didn’t have to rhyme every time I sang,

I was told when I get older all my fears would shrink,
But now I’m insecure and I care what people think.
My name’s ‘Blurryface’ and I care what you think

Wish we could turn back time, to the good ol’ days,
When our momma sang us to sleep but now we’re stressed out.

Sometimes a certain smell will take me back to when I was young,
How come I’m never able to identify where it’s coming from,
I’d make a candle out of it if I ever found it,
Try to sell it, never sell out of it, I’d probably only sell one,

It’d be to my brother, ‘cause we have the same nose,
Same clothes homegrown a stone’s throw from a creek we used to roam,
But it would remind us of when nothing really mattered,
Out of student loans and treehouse homes we all would take the latter.

My name’s ‘Blurryface’ and I care what you think

Wish we could turn back time, to the good ol’ days,
When our momma sang us to sleep but now we’re stressed out.

We used to play pretend, give each other different names,
We would build a rocket ship and then we’d fly it far away,
Used to dream of outer space but now they’re laughing at our face,
Saying, “wake up, you need to make money.”

Wish we could turn back time, to the good ol’ days,
When our momma sang us to sleep but now we’re stressed out.

 

I like the melody as well the text speaks to me.  Specially the line “wake up, you need to make money”

Why, are our lives all about money?

The history of money concerns the development of means of carrying out transactions involving a physical medium of exchange.Money is any clearly identifiable object of value that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts within a market or which is legal tender within a country.

Many things have been used as medium of exchange in markets including, for example, livestock and sacks of cereal grain (from which the Shekel is derived) – things directly useful in themselves, but also sometimes merely attractive items such as cowry shellsor beads were exchanged for more useful commodities. Precious metals, from which early coins were made, fall into this second category. (wikipedia)

Before there was bartering.

In Politics Book 1:9[1] (c.350 B.C.) the Greek philosopher Aristotle contemplated on the nature of money. He considered that every object has two uses, the first being the original purpose for which the object was designed, and the second possibility is to conceive of the object as an item to sell or barter.[2] The assignment of monetary value to an otherwise insignificant object such as a coin or promissory note arises as people and their trading associate evolve a psychological capacity to place trust in each other and in externalauthority within barter exchange.[3][4]

With barter, an individual possessing any surplus of value, such as a measure of grain or a quantity of livestock could directly exchange that for something perceived to have similar or greater value or utility, such as a clay pot or a tool. The capacity to carry out barter transactions is limited in that it depends on a coincidence of wants. The seller of food grain has to find the buyer who wants to buy grain and who also could offer in return something the seller wants to buy. There is no agreed standard measure into which both seller and buyer could exchange commodities according to their relative value of all the various goods and services offered by other potential barter partners. (wikipedia)

There is a Bartering Group on FB that I am part of and I love exchanging handmade items with other Artists. Beverly runs this fun group, take a look at what treasures you can find there.

At some point coins where invented and took over the bartering system.

All western histories of coins begin with their invention at some time slightly before or after 700 BC, in Aegina Island,[1] or, according to others, in Ephesus, Lydia, 650 BC.[2]Ancient India in circa 6th century BC, was one of the earliest issuers of coins in the world.[3]

Some of the earliest coins were beaten at the edges to imitate the shape of a cow, in indication of their value. Most coins are circular but some were rectangular. Also a lot of coins, especially in China had a hole through the center so they could be tied on to a string.

Coins made purely from silver and gold were the silver Dirham and gold Dinar in the early Islamic Caliphate from the 7th century.

Silver and gold coins are the most common and universally recognized throughout history, even today. Mints around the world still make millions of gold and silver coins, such as the Canadian Silver Maple Leaf, the American Gold Eagle, and the Australian Nugget. Copper, nickel, and other metals are also common, but in lower denominations.

In some countries Shells or animals are still the currency.

Paper money was introduced in Song Dynasty China during the 11th century.The development of the banknote began in the seventh century, with local issues of paper currency. Its roots were in merchant receipts of deposit during the Tang Dynasty (618–907), as merchants and wholesalers desired to avoid the heavy bulk of copper coinage in large commercial transactions.

In the 13th century, paper money became known in Europe through the accounts of travelers, such as Marco Polo and William of Rubruck. The first European banknotes were issued by Stockholms Banco, a predecessor of the Bank of Sweden, in 1661.

 


Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Virgo Zodiac sign charm earrings by FantasticFrippery

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
India Fanam Circa 1700-1830 Gold Coin About Uncirculated Condition or Better by CoinsLover

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
interlocking pendants made with coins
by Promise

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Friendship Bracelet Gold Coin Turquoise Lilac Purple Violet Hand Braided
by iloniti

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Vintage German Coin Pendant
by Lorinda3LJewelry

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Measuring Tape Money Print Covered Tape Measure
by AllAboutTheButtons

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
TREE FROG Money Origami by Vincent-the-Artist

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Unfinished Money Costs Too Much Sign by VMWoodFactree

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
ALL STITCHES – MAKE MONEY CROSS STITCH PATTERN .PDF by AllStitches

If you are interested in a specific shop on Zibbet, then just click on the item and it will take you to the individual shop.

 

money-makes-the-world-go-round
Etsy Treasury  , click on the link and you can take a closer look at the items.

Do you think money is everything?

“Money has never made man happy, nor will it, there is nothing in its nature to produce happiness. The more of it one has, the more one wants.” — Benjamin Franklin, author, polymath and printer (1706-1790)

 

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Spotlight Friday: beading

I learned a new technique this week with beads. I got a custom order for a mouse. She was going to be a mouse that works with beads. So I went to my customers shop to see what kind of work she does to get a better picture and an idea what I could have that little mouse do.

 

Isn’t that stunning?

GEDSC DIGITAL CAMERA
dressing screen

 

I had a general idea of bead weaving. I did some bead work on a loom a long time ago, but that wouldn’t work for my little mouse.

GEDSC DIGITAL CAMERA
elephants on a walk

So I googled some bead weaving videos and got started. Believe me, I found a new respect for this work. I can’t remember how many times I poked myself in the finger with this needle. First I had to find a needle that was thin enough to go through the seed beads. My mice are not bigger than 4 inches, so the bead project had to be rather tiny.

be Not bigger than my fingertip. I had tried a different colored pattern, but I kept loosing track of which bead I had to thread through. So to make it simple I came up with this.

beading m

A happy little beading mouse.  I think I will leave this art to people like Max from http://www.kraftymax.net/

I love working with beads. But I will stick to knitting and macrame with beads.  Although adding beads to clothes dates back 4000 years.

King Tut had bead work in his tomb, including a pair of slippers he must have worn as a child and a hassock showing captive nations. (Tut didn’t capture any nations, but beadworkers flattered the Pharaoh as well as anyone.) Other early examples tend to be rare because the cloth or leather on which the beads were sewn disintegrate. There are several beaded items in the ShOsO-inTemple in Nara, Japan, dating to the 8th century A.D.

Bead work is recorded in India at an early date. There are 9th century B.C.references to braiding beads into hair and horse tails. Around 300 B.C. Buddhist monks were admonished not to wear beaded shoes. The first reference to bead weaving is from about 1300 A.D.:(http://www.thebeadsite.com/bbi-hist.htm)

Bead work in Europe has a history dating back a millennium to a time when shells and animal bones were used as beads in necklaces.

Glass beads were being made in Murano by the end of the 14th century. French beaded flowers were being made as early as the 16th century, and lampwork glass was invented in the 18th century. Seed beads began to be used for embroidery, crochet, and numerous off-loom techniques.

Bead work is a quintessentially Native American art form which evolved to mostly use glass beads imported from Europe and recently Asia. Glass beads have been in use for almost five centuries in the Americas. Today a wide range of beading styles flourish.

Alongside the widespread popularity of glass beads, bead artists continue incorporating natural items such as dyed porcupine quills, shell such as wampum, and dendrite, and even sea urchin spines in a similar manner as beads.

Wampum shell beads are ceremonially and politically important to a range of Eastern tribes,[6] and were used to depict several important treaties between the Native peoples and the colonists, as in the case of the Two Row Wampum Treaty.  (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beadwork)

those are the pieces I picked from Zibbet:


Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Black/Pink Beaded Bracelet
by beadablethings

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Mikey the Box Turtle
by JustBelieveCreations

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Bead loomed pendant – Black cat in the window
by CatsWire

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Electric Blue And Green Turquoise Bead Weave Necklace.
by beaduniquejewelry

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Pink with Blue Beads Right Angle Weave Adult Bracelet
by KarenLynneBeads

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Spanish Lace Beadwoven Bracelet – Gold & Eggplant – 7-1/2″
by jenjohnson42

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Pit Bull Peyote Cuff PDF Pattern by 3PeepsDesigns

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Sweetheart Necklace by EmbroideringMyDreams

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Lilac Dangle Silver Earrings – Bead woven – Purple & Mauve by NoDittoDesign

 

I had to pry myself of the screen, there where so many pieces of Art done with beads. Too many to share, but what beautiful work. Take a look for yourself.

These are the ones I found on Etsy:

work-of-art-with-beads.png
Etsy Treasury 

Which one is your favorite piece?

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Spotlight Friday: driving

Every morning when I come home from dropping my kids off at school, I need some time to cool down.  It is getting worse every morning. We live on a cul-de-sac, a  street with only 19 houses. So you can imagine, not a lot of traffic. But every morning this street turns into a circus. The reason why?

Ok, I made a little drawing so it is easier to visualize. There is a lot going on on that tiny little exit of ours.

IMG_3919.JPG

Our street exits into the main street, 3 Schools are on this stretch. An Elementary School 3 min to your left, the Middle School right across and the High School 5 min to your right.

First of all it is hard to get out of our street to make a left to get to the Elementary School, there is constant traffic from left and right. Mind you it is a School zone, so everyone should be driving only 25 mph!! At the same time you have School buses  trying to enter the main road coming from the Middle School ( colored in yellow). We do have a Bus pick up right at our corner!

All still manageable until you have those cars coming in from the Middle School. I couldn’t fit that on the picture anymore. But there is two lanes coming out of there (top corner of picture) one lane going towards Elementary School and one towards High School. Usually the one to Elm. School goes faster, because all the main traffic is moving towards High School. So there are some people that think it might go faster if they turn left going towards Elm. School and then turn into our street to make u- turns or back up in peoples front yards etc. It’s a hell of a mess, so many close calls.  Mind you there are kids standing at the Bus pick up!

What does that mean for us trying to bring our kids to school making a left turn? Well we sit and wait…and wait…and wait…. and get horns blown at us, yelled at and not so nice finger signs because we are not moving. Which we can’t because there is constantly someone coming from Middle School trying to take a short cut through our street.

So when you see that there might be a chance of getting out you make a mad dash and hope that the oncoming traffic is doing 25 mph!!  Just the last two days I had a close call every morning.

So this brings me to drivers license and what is learned during driving school.

In Germany the first drivers license was issued to   Carl Benz  a German Ingenieur and Automobilpionier  in 1888.

In 1899 Chicago and New York City were the first locales to require testing before being allowed to operate a motor vehicle.

In those days the rules where fairly simple because there was not a lot of cars on the road.

1903 was the first time in Germany they demanded a test before receiving your drivers license. The first private Fahrschule (driving School)was opened 1904 in Aschaffenburg.

I don’t know how many hours of driving and how many hours of classes you have to have now in Germany. When I was working on my drivers license I had to go through 14 hours of theoretical classes with a test at the end. Then I had to get driving lessons, they where split up in

  • 5 Fahrstunden Überland  = 5 hours interurban
  • 4 Fahrstunden Autobahn  = 4 hours on the Highway
  • 3 Fahrstunden bei Dunkelheit = 3 hours at night

and I think my inner town driving was 12 hours at that time. Not all at once, usually 1 hour a time.

After that you had your theoretical test, if you passed that, you had to do the driving test.

The first year you got your drivers license  on probation.

Until 1958 women had to ask their husbands of fathers for permission to get a license.

I don’t know anything about how it is here in the US. We have one kid approaching, but I am not even going there yet.

This is what Wikipedia says:

The minimum age to obtain a restricted driver’s license in the United States varies from 14 years, three months in South Dakota to as high as 17 in New Jersey. In most states, with the exception of South Dakota, a graduated licensing law applies to newly licensed teenage drivers, going by names such as Provisional Driver, Junior Operator,Probationary Driver, or Intermediate License. These licenses restrict certain driving privileges, such as whether the new driver may carry passengers and if so how many, as well as setting a curfew for young drivers to be off the roads. For example, Utah drivers who are under 18 may not have other people outside the family in the car without a licensed driver 21 or older present for the first six months with a license. Unlike in some states of Australia and some provinces of Canada, however, graduated licensing laws do not require lowered speed limits, displaying of L and P plates, restrictions on towing a trailer or boat, or prohibitions on highway driving or operating high performance cars.

Drivers under 18 are usually required to attend a comprehensive driver’s education program either at their high school or a professional driving school and take a certain number of behind the wheel lessons with a certified driving instructor before applying for a license. Some states like New York also require new adult drivers to attend some form of driver’s education before applying for a license.[11]

However, in some states all newly licensed adult drivers may be on probation for a set amount of time (usually between six months and two years), during which traffic violations carry harsher penalties or mandatory suspensions that would not normally apply to experienced drivers.

So this brings me to searching for everything about driving:

 


Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Yes I Drive A Stick New T Shirt by FloozeesDoozees

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
ALL STITCHES – DRIVE ON CROSS STITCH PATTERN .PDF by AllStitches

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Glass Tile Pendant Ribbon and Cord Necklace by SewShelly

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Vintage International Driving Permit by PetitPoulailler

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
1935 SJ Duesenberg Right Hand Drive Straight 8 Deusie 129 mph
by 4wheeldreams

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
DRIVE-IN kitchen towel by Sewlicitations

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
vintage Fownes brown leather lined glove by Peligraphics

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Drive Park Cards (4×6)
by BreakDownArt

Item Title by Shop Name on Zibbet
Men’s Cable Knit Gloves by BugEater

That is quite a collection I found on Zibbet. If you click on the individual picture you will get to the Artists shop.

And here you can find a lot of driving items on Etsy (<- this will take you to the treasury)

https://www.etsy.com/treasury/NjQ2Mzk2MXwyNzI4MjE2ODg4/driving

So stay safe my friends and enjoy your trips!

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